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Forex trading

What are the advantages of trading Forex with ZERO Markets?


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A Brief History of Forex

Currency trading is a concept which dates back thousands of years. The exchanging of goods for goods known as barter has evolved and developed into the forex trading market that we see today. There are a handful of landmark moments which shaped the history of currencies trading.

Barter system (6000 BC)

Barter is the oldest method of exchange and was introduced by Mesopotamia tribes as early as 6000 BC. This method involved the trading goods for other goods with ships sailing from country to country with items such as food and animal skins.

Gold Coins (6th Century BC)

The first gold coins were produced in Lydia (Turkey) and recognised as the first known form of currency. These coins had the critical characteristics of currency as they were portable, durable and uniform. Aided by being limited in supply they were accepted over time with gold playing a pivotal role throughout the history of forex trading.

Gold Standard (1870s)

Once established as the accepted medium of exchange, gold eventually became impractical due to its weight. In the 1800s the gold standard was adopted and guaranteed that the government would exchange paper money for its value in gold.

Bretton Woods System (1944)

The forex market underwent a major transformation towards the end of World War II. The Bretton Woods System was introduced and established a set of rules for commercial and financial relations between the signatories of the agreement.

This included North America, Western European countries, Australia and Japan. The system created fixed international currency exchange rates.

Free-Floating System (1971)

Eventually there was not enough gold to back the amount of US Dollars in circulation which brought an end to the Bretton Woods System and led to the free floating of the US Dollar against other foreign currencies. The situation that the rate of exchange was no longer pre-determined creates an open forex market with the value of currencies being exposed to market forces such as supply and demand.

Internet Trading (1990s)

The combination of technology and globalisation resulted in the exponential growth of the forex market through internet trading. Currencies that were previously shut off and emerging markets could now be traded from anywhere in the world using an online forex trading platform.

Present Day

In less than two decades the forex market has become the largest financial market in the world. Trillions of dollars are traded on the forex market every day and are no longer limited to large banks and financial institutions. Individuals are now trading FX online in the same market conditions as corporate organisations thanks to advanced technologies such as the MetaTrader 4/5 foreign exchange trading platforms.

The largest market in the world

What is Forex trading?

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Forex trading is also known as FX Trading or Currency Trading. It refers to the central marketplace where traders exchange currencies for one another at floating rates.

The foreign exchange market consists of multiple markets, including Spot FX, Future derivatives, Forward Derivatives and CFD derivatives. The Forex market is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, with a turnover reported to exceed $5 trillion per day. Forex is open to trade 24 hours a day, 5 days a week.

The most common pairs to trade are called the ‘majors’. Examples would be the EUR/USD, GBP/USD and USD/CHF.

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Learn to trade Forex

How does Forex trading work?

ZERO Markets Forex pairs are traded as CFDs (Contract for Difference). When trading forex, you select a pair of currencies and base your trading decision on which currency’s price you think will rise or fall. Forex is traded in currency pairs, for example EUR/USD. The first currency is called the ‘base currency’ and the second is the ‘quote currency’. Currencies are displayed showing how many units of the quote currency you can buy with one unit of the base currency. This is the exchange rate.

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For example, EUR/USD 1.2344 shows us that 1 Euro = 1.2344 US Dollars.

When you’re ready to trade you will choose to go long or short. In the example above, going long means that you think that the value of the Euro will rise against the US Dollar. Going short means you think it will fall.

Metatrader 4 (MT4) & Metatrader 5 (MT5)

What are the most recommended platforms for Forex trading?

MT4 & MT5 are the favourite choice for Forex traders around the globe. ZERO Markets’ MT4 & MT5 are packed with extras to ensure you’re equipped with all the tools you need to make better informed trading decisions. Tight Raw Pricing, fast execution and superior charts are the building blocks for our MT4 & MT5 solutions.


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Forex trading example

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The gross profit on your trade is calculated as follows:

Opening Price

$1.33623 × 2 lot = $267,246

Closing Price At $1.32129 × 2 lot = $264,258Gross Profit on Trade $267,246 – $264,258 = $2,988

Closing Price At $1.34529 × 2 lot = $269,058Gross Loss on Trade $267,246 – $269,058 = -$1,812

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Opening the position

The price of the Euro against the US Dollar (EUR/USD) is 1.33623/1.33624 and you decide to sell 2 standard lots (the equivalent of €200,000) at 1.33623.

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Closing the position

One week later the Euro has fallen against the US Dollar to 1.32128/1.32129 and you decide to take your profit by buying back 2 standard lots at 1.32129; if the Euro has increased against the US Dollar to 1.34523/1.34529, the trade loses $1,812.

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Typical Forex spreads

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AUDCAD Australian Dollar vs Canadian Dollar 1.1 1.7 0 0.7
AUDCHF Australian Dollar vs Swiss Franc 1.6 1.8 0 0.7
AUDJPY Australian Dollar vs Japanese Yen 1.1 1.9 0 0.8
AUDNZD Australian Dollar vs New Zealand Dollar 1.1 2.4 0 1.3
AUDUSD Australian Dollar vs Us Dollar 1.1 1.4 0 0.3
CADCHF Canadian Dollar vs Swiss Franc 1.5 2.1 0 1
CADJPY Canadian Dollar vs Japanese Yen 1.2 2.3 0 1.2
CHFJPY Swiss Franc vs Japanese Yen 1.1 4.2 0 3.1
EURAUD Euro vs Australian Dollar 1.1 2.2 0 1.1
EURCAD Euro vs Canadian Dollar 1.5 2.8 0 1.2
EURCHF Euro vs Swiss Franc 1.3 2.2 0 1.1
EURGBP Euro vs Great Britain Pound 1.1 1.6 0 0.5
EURJPY Euro vs Japanise Yen 1.1 1.7 0 0.6
EURNOK Euro vs Norwegian Kroner 5.2 117.6 28 110.1
EURNZD Euro vs New Zealand Dollar 1.2 2.8 0 1.7
EURPLN Euro vs Polish Zloty 1.7 74.2 19.1 70.9
EURSEK Euro vs Swedish Krona 6.6 76.1 22 70.6
EURSGD Euro vs Singapore Dollar 1.6 5.5 2.2 4.4
EURTRY Euro vs Turkish Lira 1.6 763.8 206.5 760.7
EURUSD Euro vs Us Dollar 1.0 1.2 0 0.1
EURZAR Euro vs South African Rand 12.5 331.3 147.1 319.8
GBPAUD Great Britain Pound vs Australian Dollar 1.6 2.5 0 1.4
GBPCAD Great Britain Pound vs Canadian Dollar 1.1 2.6 0 1.5
GBPCHF Great Britain Pound vs Swiss Franc 1.4 3.5 0.5 2.4
GBPJPY Great Britain Pound vs Japanese Yen 1.1 2.2 0 1.1
GBPNZD Great Britain Pound vs New Zealand Dollar 1.6 3.9 0 2.4
GBPSEK Great Britain Pound vs Swedish Krona 8.1 136.6 63.3 131.9
GBPSGD Great Britain Pound vs Singapore Dollar 1.2 7.1 3.2 5.9
GBPUSD Great Britain Pound vs Us Dollar 1.1 1.7 0 0.6
NZDCAD New Zealand Dollar vs Canadian Dollar 1.6 2.3 0 1.2
NZDCHF New Zealand Dollar vs Swiss Franc 1.8 2.1 0 1
NZDJPY New Zealand Dollar vs Japanese Yen 1.5 2.5 0 1.4
NZDSGD New Zealand Dollar vs Singapore Dollar 1.6 5.3 2.1 4.2
NZDUSD New Zealand Dollar vs Us Dollar 1.1 1.8 0 0.6
USDBRL Us Dollar vs Brazilian Real 51.22 19.12 41.22
USDCAD Us Dollar vs Canadian Dollar 1.1 1.8 0 0.7
USDCHF Us Dollar vs Swiss Franc 1.1 2.5 0 1.3
USDCNH Us Dollar vs Chinese Yuan 4 1.9 0 0.8
USDHKD Us Dollar vs Hong Kong Dollar 1.9 7.3 1.9 6.2
USDJPY Us Dollar vs Japanese Yen 1.0 1.4 0 0.3
USDKRW US Dollar vs South Korean won 119.6 32 89.6
USDNOK Us Dollar vs Norwegian Krone 5.2 119.3 27 110.8
USDPLN Us Dollar vs Polish Zloty 3.9 75.4 21 71.7
USDSEK Us Dollar vs Swedish Krona 5.2 90 24.3 81.3
USDSGD Us Dollar vs Singapore Dollar 0.3 3.7 0.6 2.6
USDTRY Us Dollar vs Turkey Lira 1.7 597.2 117 594.7
USDZAR Us Dollar vs South African Rand 4.8 144.5 22.4 131.6
AUDSGD Australian Dollar vs Singapore Dollar 4.1 1.2 2.6
CHFSGD Swiss Franc vs Singapore Dollar 6.1 2.2 6.1
EURCZK Euro vs Czech Koruna 233.9 66.1 216.5
EURDKK Euro vs Danish Krone 19.6 10.3 13.6
EURHUF Euro vs Hungarian Forint 288.1 23 74.5
EURMXN Euro vs Mexican Peso 123.1 34.1 103.1
GBPDKK Great Britain Pound vs Danish Krone 34.1 12.4 28.1
GBPMXN Great Britain Pound vs Mexican Peso 247.3 112.3 227.3
GBPPLN Great Britain Pound vs Polish Zloty 140.2 63.7 138.7
GBPTRY Great Britain Pound vs Turkish Lira 940.6 251.8 933.6
USDCZK US Dollar vs Czech Koruna 213 57.2 195.6
USDDKK US Dollar vs Danish Krone 20.6 5.3 14.6
USDHUF US Dollar vs Hungarian Forint 292.1 22.8 78.5
USDINR US Dollar vs Indian Rupee 32.9 10.6 12.9
USDMXN US Dollar vs Mexican Peso 81.6 14.4 71.6
USDTHB US Dollar vs Thai Baht 333.5 186.9 313.5

Forex for Hedging

Globalisation has been one of the biggest drivers in the increased volume being traded on the forex market. One example of this is large multinational corporations who need to buy or sell one currency for another as they are obtaining revenue in numerous different currencies.

Companies can employ hedging strategies to reduce any risk exposure they may have due to fluctuations in currency values. Fluctuations in the forex market can have an adverse impact on critical aspects including costs, revenue and ultimately profit margin. This can be achieved using forward or swap markets.

A currency swap involves the swapping of two currencies at the maturity of the contract. An exchange of interest and sometimes principal are involved with companies often using this method to access lower interest rates in the local currency compared to money borrowed from a financial institution such as a bank.

Forward contracts involve paying a premium (interest based on the differential in the price of the two currencies) to purchase an asset for a specified price at a future date. One of the benefits of forward contracts is that the size, length, or maturity term are customisable. Companies with future payments or receipts can benefit from this by protecting their budget and profit margins from fluctuations in the forex market.

Hedging is a concept that is becoming more prominent among individuals in fx trading. Traders are using the strategy of opening additional positions to balance or offset current positions that will successfully limit risk exposure. The advanced user friendly forex trading platform offered by Zero Markets makes this process seamless.


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